A sinus infection is a dangerous inflammatory disease characterized by inflamed and swollen mucous membranes in the nasal sinuses. It is widespread; millions suffer from it every year. As per the World Health Organization, 30% of patients who complain of chronic rhinitis, difficulty breathing and pain, are diagnosed with a sinus infection. Moreover, one in ten adults suffer from chronic sinus infections in one form or another.
Severe headaches, difficulty breathing and a stuffed or runny nose can indicate sinusitis, or in other words, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The disease often develops from a cold or infection complications.
Sinusitis in adults can indicate a weakened immune system or the presence of other concomitant diseases. Healthy immune systems can typically clear the infection in its early stages, which is why individuals with diabetes mellitus, allergic diathesis, oral ailments (stomatitis or tooth cavities) and AIDS are at a high risk for sinusitis.
Sinus infections require a serious approach to treatment even in the initial stages. This is why doctors often prescribe antibiotics developed by modern pharmaceutical companies. Everybody should know that antibiotic use is associated with certain risks, and thus you should always consult a doctor before taking them. Many antibiotics may be effective against sinus infections, but because they can have side effects, they are unsuitable for everyone.
As an antibiotic, ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone group. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections and works by inhibiting bacterial DNA and blocking protein synthesis, which stops further bacterial replication. Ciprofloxacin is available in pill form, as well as an injectable. The injections can be administered intramuscularly or intravenously. The tablets usually contain 250 or 500 mg of the active ingredient. Additional ingredients include cellulose, stearate, talc, magnesium, and starch.
The injectable solution contains 2 mg/ml of the active ingredient, water, and sodium chloride. The instructions usually recommend the following treatment regimens. As an intramuscular injection, ciprofloxacin is prescribed only for patients over 18 years of age, in which 125 mg is administered twice daily. If ciprofloxacin is administrated as a drip, the dosage can be increased to 200-400 mg.
Considering the disease stage and age of the patient, a doctor determines the treatment duration and dosage. Injections are typically recommended in cases when the disease has progressed and is quite severe.
Often, however, patients with sinusitis prefer to take pills. As a rule, ciprofloxacin is prescribed as 500 mg twice a day for 5 to 10 days.
Ciprofloxacin can cause some unpleasant side effects that can be either simple or complex. These often occur when the prescribed recommendations are not strictly followed.
Ciprofloxacin is an effective drug, and doctors prescribe it because it has some additional advantages. The benefits of ciprofloxacin often outweigh the risk of side effects, which should be considered when choosing an antibiotic for a sinus infection.
It is particularly important in emergency cases or when the doctor is unavailable. The following are some of the main advantages of ciprofloxacin:
- It treats the cause of the disease and prevents it from reoccurring.
- It is considered safe despite the risk of side effects.
- It can be used for a long time. (Consult a doctor.)
- It is affordable.
- It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic against a wide range of disease-causing bacteria. It treats not only sinusitis, but also its complications.
My problems with sinusitis began three years ago when I thought I had a bad allergy with nasal congestion, runny nose, coughing, sneezing, tearing, and a sore throat. First, I decided to avoid nature, parks and gardens and take allergy medication; however, everywhere I went, I felt extremely uncomfortable. It was driving me crazy. I could not even go work because I was depressed. It got progressively worse with headaches. I got really scared when I saw mucus and blood coming out from my nose. I also had dyspnea and chest pain. I could hear strange wheezing. My ears hurt, and it felt weird, as if the infection was inside my head. Even my face was swollen. I was weak and dizzy much of the time. When the weather got cold, I collapsed and went to the hospital. The doctor diagnosed me with sinusitis and bronchial asthma. He also discovered polyps in my nasal sinuses and other problems. He wondered why it took me so long to seek help. I thought it was an allergy. The doctor reassured me that I would recover and prescribed Cipro. On the first day, I felt better because I could finally breathe. My eyes did not hurt and stopped tearing! It seemed incredible. Now, after treatment, I am fine, as I breathe freely with my nose and see clearly with my eyes. I have no more headaches and no more coughing. It feels great to be healthy again.