Sinus infection is a dangerous inflammatory disease characterized by inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane of the sinuses of the nose. It is quite widespread: millions suffer from it every year. According to the World Health Organization, 30% of patients, who complain of chronic rhinitis, difficulty breathing and pain, get diagnosed with sinus infection. Moreover, every tenth adult suffers from chronic sinus infection in one form or another.
If you have a severe headache, difficulty breathing and stuffed or a runny nose, you might be on the way to develop sinusitis, or in other words an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. The disease often develops as a complication of colds or infections.
The sinusitis in adult patients might indicate weakened immune system or presence of other concomitant diseases. Usually, the immune system of a healthy person gets rid of the infection at the early stages. That’s why individuals who suffer from diabetes mellitus, allergic diathesis, oral ailments (stomatitis, tooth cavities) and AIDS are at high risk for sinusitis.
Sinus infection requires a serious approach to treatment even at the early stages. That’s why doctors often prescribe antibiotics developed by modern pharmaceuticals. Everybody should know that the use of any antibiotic is associated with certain risks and that’s why you should always consult a doctor. In fact, many antibiotics are effective for the sinus infection, but since they have some side effects, they are not suitable for everyone.
As an antibiotic, Ciprofloxacin belongs to fluoroquinolones group. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. It works by inhibiting microorganisms DNA and blocking protein synthesis, which stops further replication of bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is available in the form of pills, as well as in the injections. The injections can be done intramuscularly or intravenously. The tablet usually contains 250 or 500 mg of an active ingredient of ciprofloxacin. Additional ingredients include cellulose, stearate, talc, magnesium, starch.
The solution for injections contains the active ingredient of 2 mg/ml, water, sodium chloride. Usually, the instruction recommends the following schemes of treatment. As an intramuscular injection, the antibiotic is prescribed only for patients over 18 years of age. Ciprofloxacin (125 mg) is administered twice a day as an injection. If ciprofloxacin is administrated as a drip, the dosage can be increased to 200-400 mg. Taking into account the stage of the disease and the age of the patient a doctor determines the duration of treatment and dosage. Injections are especially recommended in cases when the disease progressed and is quite severe.
However, quite often patients with sinusitis prefer to take pills. As a rule, Ciprofloxacin is prescribed by two pills twice a day for 5 to 10 days.
Ciprofloxacin can cause some unpleasant side effects that can be simple or complicated. It usually happens when the prescribed recommendations are not strictly followed.
Ciprofloxacin is effective drug and doctors prescribe it because it has some additional advantages. The benefits of Ciprofloxacin outweigh the risk of side effects and should be taken into account when choosing a drug for a sinus infection.
It is of particular importance in cases of emergency and when the doctor is not available. Let’s highlight the main advantages of Ciprofloxacin:
- It treats the cause of the disease and prevents it from reoccurring;
- It is considered safe despite risk of some side effects;
- It can be used for a long time. Consult a doctor;
- It is affordable;
- It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic against a wide range of disease-causing bacteria. It treats not only sinusitis but also complications.